• 10-line ritual cup (c. 1 AD) - 2,000-year-old limestone cup with 10 lines of Aramaic or Hebrew script found near the Zion Gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. Found by U.S. archaeologists; Shimon Gibson of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte stated that "To have 10 lines of text is unprecedented..." They know it contains the Hebrew word for God indicating it was probably important to the priests who used it in rituals.
• Amarna letters (c. 1300s BC) - correspondence on clay tablets between the Egyptian administration and various Middle East kings petty sub-rulers in Canaan during the New Kingdom.
• Amman Citadel Inscription - 9th century BC inscription in the Ammonite language, one of the few surviving written records of Ammon.
• Arch of Titus - (c. 82 AD) relief shows spoils from the sack of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD. Depicted are the menorah and trumpets, as well as what might be the Table of Showbread. (see: Judaea Capta coinage)
• Babylonian Chronicles (c. 747 BC - 247 BC) - dealing with Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem, etc. (see Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC), Zedekiah and Book of Kings, Book of Jeremiah, Lamentations.)
• Balaam inscription (c. 840-760 BC) 9th or 8th century BC inscription about a prophet named Balaam (cf. the Book of Numbers).
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